Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and correction of jaw malpositions, crooked teeth, and of incorrect relations between the jaws commonly known as malocclusions.
The goal of orthodontics is to prevent and treat malocclusions in children, teenagers and even adults. The problems related to malocclusions are not limited to aesthetics. They may raise functional problems, developmental problems, obstacles to maintaining a good oral hygiene, and promote tooth decay and oral pathologies.
It is also used to give the patient a nice smile with beautiful straight teeth, thus contributing to a good dento-facial harmony. Likewise, orthodontics may play an important role in preventing psycho-social problems in certain patients. A lack of self-confidences is an example that comes to mind.
Did you know?
A cross bite that is corrected at the age of 7-8 years old may prevent asymmetrical growth of the jaws and the bones of the face. However, if it is not corrected when the patient is young, he or she may end up with a visible facial asymmetry and present articular problems.