Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats the gums and their underlying tissues, as well as the tissues that support teeth. It is important to maintain healthy gums without periodontal pockets because bacteria can accumulate there. Of course, it’s the presence of plaque and tartar above and below the gums that cause periodontal disease. Routine scaling and polishing helps keep your gums healthy in order to prevent multiple diseases.
Equally important is the patient’s responsibility in the matter. They must maintain a good oral health at home or else the treatments provided may only successful temporarily.
Periodontics deals with gingivitis, which is the least severe and beginning stages of periodontal disease. This branch of dentistry also deals with periodontitis, which is when gum disease reaches gingival attachment and alveolar bone, and causes bone loss around the tooth. Everything depends on the severity of the disease.
Depending on the severity of the patient’s periodontitis, one or more of the following treatments may be provided: supra and subgingival scaling, root planing, gingivoplasty or gingivectomy, laser treatments or even bone and gum grafts.